Faculty & Staff
Representative of Athletics Interests
(commonly referred to as a booster)
A "representative of the institution's athletics interests" is an individual, independent agency, corporate entity (e.g., apparel or equipment manufacturer) or other organization who is known (or who should have been known) by a member of the institution's executive or athletics administration to:
(a) Have participated in or to be a member of an agency or organization promoting the institution's intercollegiate athletics program;
(b) Have made financial contributions to the athletics department or to an athletics booster organization of that institution;
(c) Be assisting or to have been requested (by the athletics department staff) to assist in the recruitment of prospects;
(d) Be assisting or to have assisted in providing benefits to enrolled student-athletes or their families; or
(e) Have been involved otherwise in promoting the institution's athletics program.
Some examples of representative of athletics interests are: fans, undergraduate students, graduate students, all university faculty, staff and other employees and alumni. (This is not an exhaustive list.) Once identified as a booster, the individual or business retains that identity for life.
An extra benefit is any special arrangement by an institutional employee or a booster to provide a student-athlete, or his/her friends or relatives, a benefit not authorized by the NCAA. The benefits a student-athlete may NOT receive include, BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO:
- special discount,
- payment arrangement or credit on a purchase (airline ticket, clothes) or service (laundry, typing);
- free or reduced-cost professional services not available on the same basis to the general student body;
- use of a telephone, pager or credit card for personal reasons without charge or at a reduced rate;
- entertainment services (movie tickets, dinners, use of car) from commercial agencies (theaters, restaurants, car dealers) without charge or at reduced rates, or free or reduced-cost admission to professional athletics contests from professional sports organizations, unless such services are available to the student body in general;
- guarantee of bond;
- signing or cosigning a note with an outside agency to arrange a loan;
- preferential treatment, benefits or services based on his/her athletics reputation or skill or pay-back potential as a future professional;
- free or reduced-cost athletics equipment, supplies or clothing directly from a manufacturer or commercial enterprise;
- free or reduced cost room and/or board;
- payment or other compensation for work not performed or at unreasonable levels for the work performed;
- employment arrangements for a student-athlete or prospect's relatives or friends;
- payment of registration fees or other expenses to attend CSU sports camp or clinic;
- use of personal property (boats, summer homes, cars, computers, stereos);
- holiday or birthday presents;
- promise of employment after college graduation;
- purchase of items or services from a prospect/student-athlete or their relatives at inflated prices; and
- payment or arrangements for payment of transportation costs incurred by a student-athlete or prospect's relatives or friends; or
- anything given because an individual is a student-athlete.
Any solicitation of a prospect or his/her family by an institutional staff member or by a representative of the institution's athletics interests for the purpose of securing the prospect's enrollment and participation in the institution's athletics program.
Activities Constituting Recruitment
Some of the activities include, but are not limited to, the following:
- providing transportation to the prospect to visit the campus
- entertaining the prospect in any way on campus. However, the institution may provide a complimentary admission to an on-campus athletic contest when the prospect is visiting as a member of a group tour that is unrelated to athletic recruitment
- initiating or arranging telephone contact with the prospect or his on more than one occasion family for the purpose of recruitment
- an arranged, off-campus encounter with a prospect or any members of their family for the purpose of recruitment
- entertaining the family members of a prospect on campus
- sending correspondence to a prospect, other than a generic letter that requests general information
- the arrangement of meals, housing, transportation or academic interviews during an unofficial visit.
An individual who has either started classes for the ninth grade OR who has received any benefit from CSU or a booster. Actions taken by athletic staff that cause an individual to become a prospective student-athlete include:
- providing a prospect an expense-paid visit to a collegiate institution;
- having an arranged in-person encounter with the individual;
- initiating or arranging telephone contact with the individual or a member of his/her family; or
- providing an individual (or his/her relatives or friends) any financial assistance or other benefits that the institution does not provide to prospective students generally (i.e. tickets to an athletic competition)
Any face-to-face encounter between a prospect or their parents, relatives or legal guardian(s) and an institutional staff member or an athletics representative during which any dialogue occurs in excess of an exchange of a greeting. A meeting that is prearranged or takes place at the prospect's school, competition site or practice site is considered a contact regardless of the conversation that occurs.
Any off-campus activity designed to assess the academic qualifications or the athletic ability of a prospect. This includes any visit to a prospect's school (during which no contact with the prospect occurs) or watching a practice or competition at any site where the prospect participates.
Period of time when it is permissible for authorized athletics department staff to make in-person, off-campus recruiting contacts with and/or evaluations of a prospect.
Period of time when authorized athletics department staff may be involved in off-campus activities designed to assess the academic qualifications and athletic ability of prospects. No in-person, off-campus recruiting contacts shall be made with the prospect during an evaluation period.
Period of time when it is permissible to make in-person recruiting contacts only on the institution's campus. No in-person, off-campus recruiting contacts or evaluations may be made during a quiet period.
Period of time when it is not permissible to make in-person recruiting contacts or evaluations on or off campus. In addition, there can be no official or unofficial visits to the campus by a prospect. However, it is permissible for a staff member to write or phone a prospect during this period.
A visit financed in whole or in part by the institution.
A visit made at the prospect's own expense. The institution may provide only limited benefits to the prospect during his visit. These benefits include complimentary admissions to an on-campus athletics event in which the institution's team competes and transportation to view off-campus practice or competition sites within a 30-mile radius of the institution's campus when accompanied by a staff member. The provision of any other expenses or entertainment shall require the visit to become an official visit.
A student shall not be eligible for intercollegiate competition in a particular sport if the student-athlete (or parents/relatives):
- negotiates, signs or enters into any written or oral agreement with an agent;
- accepts or receives any extra benefits from an agent or anyone who wishes to represent the student-athlete;
- uses their athletic skill for pay, or for the promise of pay; competes with a professional sports team or receives any compensation from a professional sports team; or
- receives an extra benefit that is not available to the general student population
Recruitment of Prospective Student-Athletes
A prospective student-athlete is defined by the NCAA as any person who has begun classes for the ninth grade.
A prospective student-athlete remains a prospect even after he or she has signed a National Letter of Intent or accepts an offer of financial aid to attend Colorado State University.
The prospective student-athlete remains a prospect until they report for the first day of classes for regular term (fall or spring).
Contact with Prospective Student-Athletes
All in-person, on- and off-campus recruiting contacts with a prospect or the prospect's relatives or legal guardian(s) shall be made only by authorized institutional coaches or staff members. A coach is not permitted to recruit off-campus until he or she has been certified on an annual basis as to knowledge of applicable recruiting rules.
A contact is defined as any face-to-face encounter between a prospect or the prospect's relatives or legal guardian(s) during which time any dialogue in excess of an exchange of a greeting occurs. Boosters are prohibited from contacting a prospect or the prospect's relatives or legal guardian(s) to encourage the prospect to participate in intercollegiate athletics at Colorado State University.
Legislation specifically prohibits:
- Any contact with a prospect at any time whether in person, by mail or by telephone;
- Any contact with a prospect's coach, principal or counselor to gain information that would assist in evaluating the prospect either athletically or academically, including visiting the prospect's educational institution to pick up film or transcripts;
- Any involvement, directly or indirectly, in making arrangements for or giving any financial aid or other benefits to a prospect or his/her family, relatives or friends (such as gifts, awards, loans, employment, transportation, free or reduced rent or housing, etc.);
- Providing entertainment during the prospect's official visit.
- Sending anything to a prospect including letters, cards, newspaper clippings, game programs, post cards, e-mails, etc. (the type of materials that may be sent and who may distribute such materials is strictly regulated by the NCAA);
- Any contact with enrolled student-athletes at other four-year colleges or universities for the purpose of exploring their interest in transferring to CSU. If a student-athlete enrolled at another institution contacts you, do not discuss the possibility of transferring with the athlete. Immediately tell the athlete to contact CSU Compliance Department staff member.
Limited contact is permissible, such as:
- Contacts made with a prospect who is an established family friend, relative or neighbor so long as the contact is not arranged by a CSU staff member and is not made for recruiting purposes;
- An unavoidable, incidental contact with a prospect provided recruiting does not take place, only normal civility is involved and the contact is not pre-arranged;
- Casual contacts at CSU athletic events, if incidental; Contacts about summer employment only after the prospect has signed a National Letter of Intent or, in the case of a junior college prospect, only after the prospect has graduated or officially left the junior college;
- Contact involved in a normal working relationship (i.e., booster who is a doctor or dentist who treats a prospect professionally) provided no recruiting is involved;
- Viewing a prospect's game at your own initiative (must not involve contact with the prospect).
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